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Jen Reid
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Bristol: A Brief Introduction

Early recorded place names in the Bristol area include the Roman-era British Celtic Abona (derived from the name of the Avon) and the archaic Welsh Caer Odor ('fort on the chasm'), which may have been calqued as the modern English Clifton.

The Bristol is now a cultural melting pot, heaped in history and stage to many important cultural events.

The current name "Bristol" derives from the Old English form Brycgstow, which is typically etymologised as 'place at the bridge'.It has also been suggested that Brycgstow means "the place called Bridge by the place called Stow", the Stow in question referring to an early religious meeting place at what is now College Green. However, other derivations have been proposed. It appears that the form Bricstow prevailed until 1204, and the Bristolian 'L' (the tendency for the local dialect to add the sound "L" to many words ending in a neutral vowel) is what eventually changed the name to Bristol.

Is this the image of an icon?
Enquiry Question

Why should somebody get a statue?

Background to Jen Reid

Jen Reid is a British Black Lives Matter activist

She is from Bristol

She is most famous for her statue that replaced Colston’s statue in Bristol in 2020, but she had been invested in activism before this

There is due to be a children’s book about her story

Civil rights in the USA/UK
Civil rights in the USA/UK
Civil rights in the USA/UK

Civil Rights artwork focused on the leading campaigners of the movement

Che Guevara
Che Guevara

Leader of the Cuban Revolution in the 1960s

Rebelled against American influence in Cuba in the Cold War

Believed in guerrilla warfare

Angela Davis
Angela Davis

American political activist
Member of the Communist Party USA
Campaigns for feminism and against the Vietnam War

Tommie Smith
1968 Olympics - Tommie Smith

Tommie won the 200m final, with his teammate John Carlos in 3rd.

On the podium, Tommie and Carlos made headlines around the world by raising their black-gloved fists.

Both athletes were suspended for this action

Jen Reid copied this stance when the Colston statue was toppled

From art to statues

Often, images of art can become more permanent through being turned into statues.

Female statues in England

There are significantly more male than female statues in England. According to the Public Monuments and Sculpture Association, there were 828 statues in 2018, of which 174 are female (21% - roughly 1 in 5).

But not all of these statues are named – some are just of men and women. Of these 174 female statues, only 80 are named (46%).

Of 534 male statues, 422 of them are named (79%).

Suffragettes 1860s-1920s

The Suffragist/Suffragette movement began in the late 1860s, with Bristol being the 5th city in England to have a Suffragist group (non-violent protests for women’s rights). They were protesting against the lack of rights for women, and focused on lots of speeches in the 1870s/80s.

By 1908, the Suffragettes became more active, with women being arrested during demonstrations, and other campaigners going on hunger strike. Arson attacks became common. These actions contributed to all women over 21 gaining the vote (which was the same rule as for men).

Millicent Fawcett received a statue in 2018, 90 years after making the women’s vote equal to men's’, and 89 years after her death.

Worksheet Task 1

Comparison of statues

1. When did these women gain statues?

2. How long after their achievement and/or death were they given a statue?

3. Why were they given a statue?

4. What is the link between what they changed and why they were given a statue?

Click to complete

Extension = research another important female in history, and find out about their statue (e.g. Mary Seacole, Henrietta Lacks etc…)

On the day Colston’s statue came down, Jen’s husband took a photo to capture the moment, which was seen around the world. Later, this photo was turned into a statue to create a more permanent reminder of the protest. This in turn has become associated with the Colston protest and the wider Black Lives Matter movement.

Worksheet Task 2

Poem Analysis – the Significance of Jen Reid

Click to read

1. Highlight any adjectives (description words) used to describe Jen Reid

2. Summarise who Jen Reid is in your own words

3. Why is Jen Reid such an important person in the campaign for Black Civil Rights?

Click to complete

Extension: Does Jen Reid deserve to be thought of as an icon? Give arguments for an against this idea. Make an overall decision either way, explaining your answer.
Worksheet Task 3

Why should someone get a statue?

Angela Davis didn’t get one…
Should Jen Reid have one?

look back at your criteria from slide 18, about who deserves to become a statue. Should Jen Reid have a statue? Are there any existing statues that should not exist? Explain your answer.

Click to complete

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"We’re slowly trying to find it ourselves, Because it was lacked in the curriculum"

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"It's incredible that his history still hasn't been given a fair representation,"

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